Overview

Switzerland is currently involved in the construction or operation of seven large international research infrastructures covering different research fields.

  1. High energy particle research organisation:
    European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) - Geneva
  2. Astronomy research organisation:
    European Southern Observatory (ESO) - Munich
  3. Material research organisations:
    Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) - Grenoble
    European Spallation Source (ESS) - Lund
    European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) - Grenoble
    European X-Ray Free Electron Laser (European XFEL) - Hamburg
  4. Nuclear Fusion research organisation:
    International Fusion Experimental Reactor (ITER/FUSION for Energy) - Marseille

 

A summary of the financial and operational parameters relevant to Swiss companies and institutions in view of commercial activities is shown in the table below. Each organisation has its own rules when considering a fair return of contracts for its Member States. The georeturn coefficient of a Member State is defined as the ratio between that Member State's share of the value of all supply contracts by that Member State's contribution to the overall budget.

Organisation CERN ESO ILL ESS ESRF XFEL ITER - F4E
Research field/Type of facility Particle Physics/Accelerator + Detector Astronomy/Ground based telescopes Several research fields/Neutron source Several research fields/Neutron source Several Research fields/Synchrotron light source Several Research fields/Synchrotron light source Nuclear Fusion/ Tokamak
Phase Operation + Upgrades Operation+ Construction  
(2014-2024)
Operation + Upgrades Construction
(2013-2025)
Operation + Upgrades Construction
(2009-2017)
Construction
(2010-2025)
Yearly Budget (2015)

1’109 MCHF           

164 MEuros 92 MEuros -- 105 MEuros

118 MEuros (>2018)

--
Construction Budget -- 1’100 MEuros (E-ELT) --

1'830 MEuros

-- 1’148 MEuros

16’600 MEuro

Swiss Contribution   3.9 %  4.9% 3.4% 3.5% 4% 1.5% 3%
Purchasing rules internal internal internal EU rules + in kind internal German rules + in kind F4E: EU rules IO: internal
Consideration for georeturn strong weak middle not applicable middle not applicable weak
CERN
Research field Particle Physics
Phase Operation + Upgrades
Yearly Budget 2015 1’109 MCHF
Construction Budget --
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 42.9 MCHF 3.9 %
Purchasing policy Internal
Consideration for fair geographical return Strong
ESO
Research field Astronomy
Phase Construction
(2015-2018)
Yearly Budget 2015 164 MEuros
Construction Budget 1’1 MEuros (E-ELT)
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 8.1 MEuros 4.9%
Purchasing policy Internal
Consideration for fair geographical return Middle
ILL
Research field Neutron research
Phase Operation + Upgrades
Yearly Budget 2015 92 MEuros
Construction Budget --
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 3.1 MEuros
3.4%
Purchasing policy Internal
Consideration for fair geographical return Middle
ESS
Research field Neutron research
Phase Construction (2013-2025)
Yearly Budget 2015 --
Construction Budget 1830 MEuros
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 64.5 MEuros 3.5%
Purchasing policy EU rules + in kind
Consideration for fair geographical return Middle
ESRF
Research field Synch light research
Phase Operation + Upgrades
Yearly Budget 2015 105 MEuros
Construction Budget --
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 3.6 MEuros 4%
Purchasing policy Internal
Consideration for fair geographical return Middle
XFEL
Research field Synch light research
Phase Construction : (2009-2015)
Yearly Budget 2015 --
Construction Budget 1’148 MEuros (2005)
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 17 MEuros 1.5%
Purchasing policy German rules + in kind
Consideration for fair geographical return Middle
ITER
Research field Fusion
Phase Construction (2010-2025)
Yearly Budget 2015 --
Construction Budget 16’600 MEuros (2010)
Swiss Contribution 2015 and pro rata 200 MEuros
Purchasing policy F4E: EU rules ITER ORG: internal
Consideration for fair geographical return weak